It’s Behind You! Pantomime is quintessentially British and a traditional part of the festivities in theatres across the land. The genre likely developed from sixteenth century Italian Commedia dell’arte and later from French performing troupes touring Britain. Adaptations of Commedia characters became familiar in seventeenth century Britain and led  to the development of the English harlequinade, featuring Harlequin, Columbine, Clown and Pierrot.

Pantomime existed in other forms many centuries earlier. In Ancient Greece, pantomime involved a group who ‘imitates all’ accompanied by singing and instrumental music. Similar shows were seen in Roman times.

In Britain during the Middle Ages, the Mummers Play was a traditional form of folk entertainment and contained many of the key ingredients of pantomime: coarse humour, stage fights, fantasy creatures with animal heads and gender role reversal. Father Christmas would also make an appearance. These medieval midwinter plays were originally pre-Christian fertility rites.

By the 1800s, European fairytales and nursery rhymes were interwoven with harlequinades. There were acrobatic elements to pantomime and increasing amounts of slapstick. Mime had long been crucial for foreign troupes in Britain, but English-speaking productions emerged through  the decades. Christmas, New Year and Easter became the most popular times to stage and witness these shows. The harlequinade element would be phased out through the century until it disappeared altogether by 1940, leaving us with the kind of pantomime we would recognise today.

Audience participation is an essential feature of modern pantos, be it sing-a-longs or cries of “he’s behind you” to unsuspecting characters on stage. There is also the essential character-audience banter: “Oh yes it is! Oh no it isn’t!”

And the characters no self-respecting pantomime can be without: Principal boy/girl; Pantomime Dame; Villain; Good Fairy; Comic lead and Pantomime horse.

Pantomime Selection 2018

(This section will be updated for 2019)

Aberdeen: “Snow White and the Seven Dwarves” (Dec 1 – Jan 6) – Lee Mead stars at His Majesty’s Theatre in the enchanting “Snow White”. Alan McHugh and Jordan Young return.

Bath: “Peter Pan” (Dec 13 – Jan 13) – The cast at Bath’s Theatre Royal includes Jon Monie as Smee.

Belfast: “Jack and the Beanstalk” (Dec 1 – Jan 13) – May McFettridge celebrates a 29th consecutive year in pantomime at the Grand Opera House, this time in “Jack and the Beanstalk”.

Birmingham: “Peter Pan” (Dec 19 – Jan 27) – The Hippodrome’s tradition appears to be start late but run well into the New Year. Matt Slack is again among this year’s cast as Smee.

Bradford: “Aladdin” (Dec 8 – Jan 20) – Billy Pearce, back in Bradford once more, Blue’s Simon Webbe and panto perennial Christopher Biggins lead the fun at the Alhambra Theatre.

Bristol: “Cinderella” (Dec 8 – Jan 6) – Headline acts in Bristol this year are Brian Conley and Gok Wan. Will they help Cinders get to the ball?

Cardiff: “Beauty and the Beast” (Dec 8 – Jan 13) –  Not one of the more typical pantomime stories, but Disney’s film versions have taken “Beauty and the Beast” to fresh heights of popularity.

Edinburgh: “Beauty and the Beast” (Dec 1 – Jan 20) – Allan Stewart, Andy Gray and Grant Scott, the now traditional trio at this venue, return for panto duty at the King’s Theatre in Scotland’s capital.

Glasgow: “Aladdin” (Dec 1 – Jan 6) – Scottish panto queen Elaine C. Smith is back at Glasgow’s King’s Theatre for a run in “Aladdin”.

Leeds: “Beauty and the Beast” (Nov 23 – Dec 31) – Carriageworks Theatre has gone down the “Beauty and the Beast” route this festive season.

Liverpool: “Jack and the Beanstalk” (Dec 14 – Jan 6) – The Liverpool Empire hosts Strictly Come Dancing judge Shirley Ballas in her big time panto debut in her home area of Merseyside.

Llandudno: “Cinderella” (Dec 8 – Dec 30) – It’s ugly sisters, Buttons and Cinders for this Welsh town in 2018.

London: “Snow White” (Dec 8 – Jan 13) – Another star-spangled cast at the London Palladium, led by wicked stepmother Dawn French. Julian Clary, Nigel Havers, Gary Wilmot and Strictly’s Vincent & Flavia also star.

Manchester: “Cinderella” (Dec 8 – 30) – This year’s Opera House panto sees Cinderella find her Prince Charming, in spite of the best efforts of the ugly sisters.

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Milton Keynes: “Robin Hood” (Dec 8 – Jan 13) – The Milton Keynes Theatre production stars Eastenders actor Shane Richie in a seldom seen production of “Robin Hood”.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: “Goldilocks and the Three Bears” (Nov 27 – Jan 20) – The Theatre Royal stages this rarely featured production of Goldilocks, once again starring northeast panto mainstays Clive Webb, Danny Adams and Chris Hayward.

Nottingham: “Peter Pan” (Dec 8 – Jan 13) – Peter Pan flies into an adventure with the Darlings at the Theatre Royal.

Plymouth: “Dick Whittington” (Dec 14 – Jan 12) – Audiences at Plymouth’s Theatre Royal can see Dick Whittington and his trusty cat embark on a festive journey of fortune to London, with John Partridge and Samantha Womack leading the cast.

Portsmouth: “Cinderella” (Dec 11 – Jan 6) – The Kings Theatre stages the rags to riches story for the ages.

Richmond, London: “Peter Pan” (Dec 8 – Jan 13) – The Richmond Theatre sees J.M. Barrie’s famous story given a pantomime treatment.

Sheffield: “Peter Pan” (Dec 7 – Jan 6) – The Crucible Lyceum Studio goes flying with Peter Pan. Damian Williams is again among the cast.

Southampton: “Dick Whittington” (Dec 15 – Jan 6) – The Mayflower Theatre plays host to Dick and his cat. We spy a lordly ending.

Sunderland: “Peter Pan” (Dec 14 – Jan 6) – Another winning combination of pantomime performers are set to entertain at the Sunderland Empire.

Swansea: “Cinderella” (Dec 14 – Jan 13) –  The Grand Theatre in South Wales is festive home to Cinders and Buttons.

Swindon: “Aladdin” (Dec 8 – Jan 6) – The Wyvern Theatre is the place where Aladdin hopes all his wishes come true.

Woking: “Cinderella” (Dec 7 – Jan 6) – The New Victoria Theatre in Woking, Surrey has boasted some big names in recent times and this year is no exception as Strictly judge Craig Revel Horwood leads the cast.

Wolverhampton: “Sleeping Beauty” (Dec 8 – Jan 13) – Can the Sleeping Beauty be awoken by her prince in this Grand Theatre production in the English Midlands?

For more details on these and other pantomimes across the UK you can visit, and

Did you know…Joseph Grimaldi was the most famous pantomime clown and he made his first appearance in London in 1800? His funny female characters also paved the way for the Pantomime Dame, whose later development sprang from the music halls of the early Victorian era.

Here are the most popular pantomimes performed today and through the last century (Oh no they’re not!…Oh yes they are!):

1 – Cinderella

2Jack and the Beanstalk

3 – Aladdin

4Sleeping Beauty

5 – Snow White and the Seven Dwarves

6Peter Pan

7 – Dick Whittington

8Mother Goose

9 – Beauty and the Beast

10Puss in Boots

11 – Robin Hood & The Babes in the Wood

12The Snow Queen

13 – The Wizard of Oz


15 – Little Red Riding Hood

16Hansel and Gretel

17 – Ali Baba & the Forty Thieves

18Robinson Crusoe

19 – Humpty Dumpty

20Goody Two Shoes 

Did you know…in 1999 there were 52 productions of Cinderella in the UK? In 2013 that was down to 22 – but it was still the most popular pantomime around. That remains the case.

Panto & TheatreTheatre: All of Christmas is a Stage

There is no prize for guessing the most popular festive theatrical show across the country: “A Christmas Carol”. Be it in the form of a play or the musical “Scrooge”, a production will be staged at Christmastime in a theatre not too far from you. Another popular stage musical is “White Christmas”, with a glorious collection of songs from the irrepressible Irving Berlin.

“The Nutcracker” is another festive staple for ballet and Tchaikovsky lovers alike here in the UK. In the United States, this ballet is responsible for generating something like 40 percent of the annual income for theatre box office sign_159204425major American ballet companies. If you have never attended the ballet before but would like to, this is a great place to start.

The stage version of the hugely popular animation “The Snowman” is now taking its rightful place in the panoply of British Christmas theatre offerings. “The Snowman” is an enduring festive tradition created by the Peacock Theatre, with the show now in its 21st year and taking flight this year up and down the land.

Radio City Splendour

If you should be lucky enough to find yourself in New York in the run up to Christmas, we implore you to buy tickets for “The Radio City Christmas Spectacular” starring the fabulous Radio City Rockettes. It’s a Big Apple tradition delivered with Hollywood style and a delight for kids of all ages. Shows begin in November at the historic Radio City Music Hall. Check out